State Enterprise Radioactive Waste (SERAW), in the capacity of a National RAW Management Operator, shall summarise and present each year the experience gained from implementation of the Kozloduy NPP Units 1 to 4 Decommissioning Programme. In 2022, in collaboration with the Joint Research Centre (‘JRC’) of the European Commission, a Project „Knowledge Management in the field of Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Management“ was implemented, under which the experience obtained from the operation of a state-of-the-art Plasma Melting Facility (PMF) was presented as a Knowledge Product. In the form of a modern interactive presentation, the technology, the facility construction and operation process, as well as the lessons learned and feasibility of using the plasma melting technology for treatment of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste, are visualized.
The SERAW-developed Knowledge Products were published on JRC web page, by which one of the specific objectives of the Kozloduy Programme for 2022 was achieved – enhancing the EU added value of that programme by contributing to the dissemination of knowledge on the decommissioning process (thereby generated) to all Member States pursuant to COUNCIL REGULATION (Euratom) 2021/100 of 25 January 2021.
In accordance with COUNCIL REGULATION (Euratom) 2021/100 of 25 January 2021, ANNEX I, the general objective of the Kozloduy programme is to assist Bulgaria in managing the safety challenges in respect of the decommissioning of Units 1 to 4 of the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, complemented by the aim of enhancing the EU added value of that programme by contributing to the dissemination of knowledge on the decommissioning process (thereby generated) to all Member States.
According to the data from the World Nuclear Association, 56 of the 143 Nuclear Power Plants in 13 of the EU Member States have reached the end of their operating lifetimes, and more will come to it in the next 20 years, therefore, the experience gained is of paramount importance. The final goal of Decommissioning Knowledge Management (DKM) initiative is the creation of an interactive user-centred platform EUKLIDE (European Knowledge and Learning Initiative on DEcommissioning), in which Knowledge Products will be stored and made available, events will be created, services will be shown and provided to future platform users and contributors.