The updated EIA report incorporates completely the current European requirements for protection of the environment, life and health of the people and guarantees the highest rate of safety during the project implementation on the Radiana Site near the town of Kolzoduy.
Between 16th and 30th April 2015, State Enterprise Radioactive Waste (SERAW) conducted series of public hearing meetings for the Environment Impact Assessment Report (EIAR) of the National Disposal Facility for low- and intermediate level radioactive waste (NDF). The dates and time of the meetings as well as the access locations to the EIAR were chosen during preliminary meetings with the representatives of the local authorities of the settlements where the public hearing took place.
Considering the high public interest for the project of SERAW to erect the NDF the Ministry of Environment and Waters (MEW) selected 11 settlements where public hearings to be carried out: Municipality of Kolzoduy, village of Harlets on whose land Radiana Site is located, as well as the Municipalities of Miziya, Valchedram, Hayredin, Oryahovo, Borovan, Lom, Krivodol, Boychinovtsi and Byala Slatina. Access to the Report or a detailed resume of it, books and statement forms were provided at 51 locations across the 30 km area around the Kozloduy NPP, of which the Radiana Site is adjacent. The whole EIAR and all accompanying documents – both in Bulgarian and English were published on the web sites of SERAW, MEW and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in advance according to the time limits established by the legislation.
The first meeting for public hearing of the Report took place in the village of Harlets on whose land the disposal facility will be erected, and the last – in the town of Boychinovtsi, region of Montana. The meetings were attended by representatives of the SERAW management; a team of scientists that has prepared the EIAR; MEW observers; representatives of the local authorities and various public fields, as well as citizens of the local settlements. Peter Moore – EBRD expert regarding the compliance with the Bank’s environmental and social policy joined the participants at the session in the village of Borovan.
As a result of the opportunity provided to receive detailed information and the public debate on the implementation of the project, 30 statements in total were submitted during the procedure by stakeholders – institutions, organizations, groups and individual citizens. 22 of the statements express support for the erection of the NDF. In eight statements citizens of the village of Sofronievo – Municipality of Miziya, village of Septemvriytsi – Municipality of Valchedram and village of Lehchevo – Municipality of Boychinovtsi were against the implementation of the project. Series of questions were raised during the meetings which were related to the design of the future facility, the assessment of its safety, the funding, its significance in terms of employment in the region, etc. To all questions raised the experts answered in detail during the meetings. Within a ten-day term, the team of the Project’s Employer will summarize the whole information – a result of the question raised, in a official statement which will be published on the web sites of SERAW and MEW.
The National Disposal Facility on Radiana Site is an installation with multi-barrier protection for long-term storage of waste that has been preliminary processed, safeguarded and packed in reinforced concrete packages. The facility will be at the ground surface, trench type, with capacity of 19 000 reinforced concrete containers with RAW. The installation will consist of several reinforced concrete embedded constructions (modules) separated in chambers by internal partition walls. After the chambers are filled with packages, they are covered with a reinforced concrete plate and insulated from the atmospheric waters through a construction of a multi-layer soil fill. Strict inspection control for the incoming radioactive waste, radiation control and monitoring both on the site and surrounding environment will be carried out during the entire period of NDF operation. The NDF will be the newest and most modern facility of this type in Europe and it terms of environmental indicators it will compete with the similar facility erected at the National park Horanchuelos in Spain.